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Police Must Obtain a Warrant to GPS Track a Vehicle Surreptitiously

For police to surreptitiously track a motor vehicle using GPS technology requires a warrant; and a passenger traveling with the vehicle-owner has a reasonable expectation of privacy under the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Arizona v. Emilio Jean The defendant, Emilio Jean, was a passenger in the tractor-trailer stopped by police. Defendant was convicted […]

Arizona Medical Marijuana Card Affirmative Defense to Drug DUI

Defendants were medical marijuana cardholders convicted of drug DUI for operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of marijuana or its metabolite. Were defendants immune from drug DUI prosecution under the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act? Conviction affirmed on appeal. Dobson v. Hon. Crane McClennen MJ Cardholder Convicted of Drug DUI Two individuals who had […]